House in Vedic Astrology is also known as Bhava. In a birth chart there are twelve houses. Each house in a horoscope has been given several names indicating the various subjects it deals with. In Phaladeepika, an authoritative book on predictive Vedic astrology, the author Mantreshwar suggests the following
The names by which the first house is known are Lagna (Ascendant), Hora (hour), Deha (body), Udaya (rise), Rupa (complexion), Seersha (head), Vartmana (present) and Janma (birth).
The second house deals with Vitta (wealth), Vidya (learning). Swa, Annapana (riches, food and drinks), Bhukti (eating), the right eye, face (Asya), letter or document (Patrika), Speech (Vak) and Kutumba (family) and thus adopts these names.
The names given to third house are Uras (breast), the right ear, army valour, prowess and brother.
The designations for the fourth house are house, land, maternal uncle, a sister’s son, a relation, a friend, conveyance, mother, kingdom, cow, buffalo, perfume, clothes, ornaments, the nadir, hibuka (chin), sukha (happiness), water, bridge and river.
The fifth house deals with the mark of the sovereign, taxes, soul, intelligence, knowledge of the future, life, progeny, belly, Vedic knowledge and other religious scriptures.
The sixth house deals with debts, arms, thieves, wounds, diseases, enemies, paternal relations, battle, wicked acts, sins, fear and humilialtion.
The subjects dealt by the seventh house are desire, passion, setting, sexual desire, a way, people, husband road and wife.
For the eighth house subjects are Mangalya (the living of the husband during the life time of the wife), Randhra (hole), filthiness, mental pain, defeat or humiliation, longevity, sorrow, blame, death, impurity impediments and slavery.
The ninth house deals with preceptor (guru), deity (devata), father, auspiciousness, poorvabhagya (previous luck), worship, penance, virtuous act or virtue, grand son, and noble family.
The subjects associated with the tenth house are business or trade, ranker position, honour, occupation, profession, sky or zenith, conduct, quality, inclination, gait, command and Meshurana (to give orders).
The matters to be considered from the eleventh house are gains, income, acquisition, receipt of wealth, accomplishment, splendor and prosperity, profits, veneration, elder brother or sister, left ear, anything juicy, delightful news.
The twelfth house represents misery, leg, left eye, loss, spy, last rites, poverty, sins, bad expenditure and imprisonment or confinement.
The 3rd, the 6th, the 8th and 12th are known as Leena Sthanas (hidden houses). The 6th, the 8th and 12th houses are also called Dusthanas (evil houses). The remaining houses are considered good and auspicious. The 1st, 4th, 7th and the 10th houses are termed as Kendra, Kantaka or Chatushtaya. The 2nd, the 5th, the 8th and 11th houses from the Ascendant are called Panaphara houses. The 3rd, the 6th, the 9th and the 12th are termed as Apoklima houses. The 4th and the 8th are also known as Chaturasra houses. The 3rd, the 6th, the 10th and 11th are Upachaya houses. The 5th and 9th are called trines (Trikona houses). The trines are very auspicious houses.